Overuse of antibiotics can lead to 6 incurable infections

Many doctors prescribe antibiotics unreasonably, that is, without test results, while many patients take them on their own, often abusing them. Antibiotics taken without indication may lead to antibiotic resistance - when dangerous bacteria become resistant to most known antibiotics. As a result, a person gets an infection, and it is impossible to cure them.


The best way to avoid antibiotic resistance is not to get sick. You need to reduce the risk of contracting bacterial infections in order to achieve this. This article describes dangerous diseases caused by microbes for which antibiotics can be avoided.


Pneumonia

The bacteria. Streptococcus pneumoniae, also known as pneumococcus Symptoms. Pneumococcus causes pneumonia in the lungs, sepsis in the blood, inflammation of the meninges in the brain, otitis media in the ears. Spread. Streptococcus is highly contagious and is transmitted via salivary particles when coughing Prevention. Vaccinate yourself.



The meningococcal meningitis

Bacteria. Neisseria meningitidis, often referred to as meningococcus

Symptoms. It can cause inflammation of the meninges - meningitis, and it can cause sepsis if it gets into the blood Spread. Transmitted with saliva - for instance, when kissing Prevention. Get vaccinated and don't use other people's hygiene products.



The gonorrhea

Bacteria. Neisseria gonorrhoea, also known as gonococcus Symptoms. Infertility and pelvic inflammatory disease may result if untreated, along with joint and heart problems Spread. Transmitted through unprotected vaginal, anal or oral sex Prevention. There is no vaccine. Condoms made of latex are recommended.



The syphilis

Bacteria. Known simply as Treponema pallidum Symptoms. At the start, there are round, painless ulcers on the body, at the second stage, there are skin rashes and fevers, and at the third stage, the heart, brain, and other organs become affected. Spread. Transmission occurs when the mucous membranes of the mouth or genitals come in contact with ulcers during sex Prevention. No vaccine is available. Condoms made of latex are effective, but only if the sores are on the genitals.




The whooping cough

Bacteria. Bordetella pertussis, or just Bordetella Symptoms. Causes uncontrolled coughing. Pneumonia affects one out of four babies Spread. Transmitted through droplets of saliva when coughing Prevention. Children are vaccinated at a young age, but the vaccine has to be renewed every ten years. Adults may receive the Adacel vaccine, which protects them against whooping cough, diphtheria, and tetanus.




Colitis and diarrhea

Bacteria. Clostridium difficile or just Clostridium

Symptoms. Those recently treated with antibiotics may experience severe intestinal upset

Spread. It is transmitted along with feces particles that fall on hands after using the toilet. In the environment, bacteria turn into spores that persist for years on surfaces and in soil

Prevention. No vaccine is available. Wash your hands after using the toilet and before eating. Do regular wet cleaning, paying special attention to door handles and switches.